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July 31, 2022
Let’s Talk About Young Trees and Tree Service in Toms River

Planting a new tree can be such an exciting time. In the best cases, this new tree will provide decades of benefits. With improper care, however, saplings rarely last more than a year or two. This month we’ll talk about the differences between new and mature trees, when to plant trees, and how to care for them once you do. If you ever have any questions or need tree service in Toms River, Waretown, Manahawkin or any town in Ocean and Monmouth counties, contact us anytime.

Saplings Versus Mature Trees

Aside from size, there are many differences between a sapling and a tall, mature tree. For one, size isn’t all about trunk and canopy height. It also has a lot to do with the root system. Young trees have a smaller root system which grows and spreads as the tree ages. In nature, new trees are able to use the assistance of other trees to obtain nutrients and resources because their roots do not extend very far to find water and other necessities. However, if you are planting a new tree on your property, it generally stands alone. Without the support system of other trees, saplings often struggle. The first few years of a tree’s life might be the most important. Mature trees rarely need regular intervention. Rather, they usually only need tree service if there is damage or pests. Saplings on the other hand, need steady attention.

When to Plant Trees

Most shrubs, bushes, and trees do best when planted during their non-growing season. This means early spring and fall are the best times of year to plant a new tree. In the spring, the dormant season is any time prior to budding. For deciduous trees, after the leaves have fallen in the autumn is the best time to plant. Planting in the fall gives the tree a full season of growth before the heat and other stresses of summer. During this “dormant” season, the tree doesn’t actually shut down completely, but rather, drastically slow their growth. This allows young trees to focus on what they need to which is growing their root system.

How to Care for Newly Planted Trees

 

Tree service in Toms River - sapling in an open palm on a green background

Caring for saplings is very different than caring for aged trees. It can be tempting to fertilize early and often for any new plant. For trees, however, fertilizing saplings is not recommended and, in fact, can be very harmful and stunt their growth. The first two years of a tree’s life should be focused on building strong roots. As so much of the tree’s energy needs to go to root building, it is unable to expend a lot of energy on growing leaves and branches. Giving fertilizer to young trees forces the tree to expend too much energy on canopy growth. Funneling this energy towards top-growth too soon takes energy away from root growth. Although you may not see the results for a few years, weak roots can kill trees. If your sapling seems to be struggling, give us a call before you reach for the fertilizer!

Watering a new tree is as important as it is for any new plant. When it is first planted, daily watering is recommended. As the weeks pass, you can reduce your watering to every few days to once a week. If you planted during a rainy season, precipitation may be enough water for the tree to survive. Be careful not to overwater as that can kill a tree just as fast as not giving it enough water.

The Proper Way to Use Mulch Around a Tree

There is one correct way and many incorrect ways to apply mulch around the base of your trees. No matter the age, you never want mulch to touch the bark or trunk of a tree. There should be a few inches to a foot of space between a trunk and your mulch.

One of the most dangerous mulching techniques is called volcano mulching. This is harmful to a tree for a few reasons. One, because mulch is so insulating, using too much mulch too close to a tree can actually inhibit the uptake of resources rather than preserve them. Two, allowing the bark and trunk of a tree to get and remain wet can lead to pest infestations, diseases, and cracked, unhealthy bark. Bark is a trees way of defending itself against many things and having a chink in that armor is never a good thing.  Lastly, volcano mulching can cause roots to grow in a circle around the tree rather than spreading out into the soil. Weak roots mean weak trees.

Once Your Tree is Established, We Take Over Your Tree Service in Toms River

After a few years, most trees can be termed established. Once a tree can sustain it’s growth on it’s own, we can take over from there. Mature trees planted in yards often need care every few years. Whether that tree service in Toms River is pruning or trimming or diagnosing diseases or pests, we can help. For all the best advice on how to select, plant, and care for a new tree in your yard, contact us today!

June 30, 2022
Tree Defense Mechanisms Known to Tree Companies in Monmouth County

Trees are at the mercy of threats since they obviously can’t just get up and run away. However, having said that, trees are far from defenseless. Different species of trees have developed a variety of ways to protect, guard, and preserve their well-being. Some of these tactics are easily recognizable to us while others are just being understood. Aside from our skin, it is our immune systems that really help us fend off diseases. As far as researchers are aware of up until now, trees do not have an immune system to speak of. Therefore, having a good defense mechanism is specifically important to trees. These are just a few that tree companies in Monmouth County are aware of.

A Trees First Defense is Obvious

We are all familiar with the most obvious defense mechanism of trees. It is the thick, touch outer covering of the trunk. The bark of a tree is its first line of defense. Bark, just like our skin, helps prevent many infections and infestations simply by being a barrier between threats and the inner workings of the tree.Tree companies in Monmouth County are familiar with Beech Bark

On one hand, there are smooth bark trees. The smoothness of their exterior surface greatly inhibits an insect’s ability to stick to and climb these trees. It also greatly deters invasive plants like ivy and other climbing vines. Examples of NJ smooth bark trees that tree companies in Monmouth County are familiar with are beech and birch. In order to maintain a smooth surface, these trees grow very slowly. This is relevant to tree care services because it takes these trees much longer to heal from an injury like a limb removal.

Rough bark trees, on the other hand, sometimes start as smooth barked as saplings and grow to have rough bark as a mature tree. In contrast to smooth bark trees, rough bark trees are capable of faster recovery after an injury. This is important to know for tree companies in Monmouth County because the ability of a tree to heal greatly impacts our pruning and limb removal process. Oak and Maple trees both have rough bark.

Thorns, Spines, and Prickles are Well-Known to Tree Companies in Monmouth County

Three small cacti in terra cotta pots, middle pot is blue

When it comes to defenses, none are quite as recognizable and wide-spread throughout nature as thorns. Also referred to as spines, these pointy appendages are used to deter animals from feeding on the plant. Even though some pests can sneak past a wall of spikes, the amount of predator attacks they do deter easily counteracts the energy spent to grow and maintain them. Roses, cacti, and holly trees are all plants that have pointy protuberances as a defense mechanism.

It has also been shown that appendages like spines and thorns can protect the plant in other ways. For one, spines help defend the plant from extreme temperatures by providing shade. One well known example of this cacti. One spike may not have a big impact, but tens of thousands of spikes really can. Furthermore, this helps to slow water loss through evaporation.

Chemical Warfare is More Common Than You Think

It may seem like science fiction to say that trees defend themselves with chemical warfare. Most people are aware of at least one type of poisonous plant. Poison ivy comes to mind first most likely. But, while the urushiol oil is highly irritating to human skin, birds can eat the berries of poison ivy with no problem. This type of defense certainly has some holes in it.

Another, and perhaps better, example of plants using a chemical defense cell called an idioblast. When these cells are punctured, as will happen when a predator bites the plant, crystals of calcium oxalate are released. This can irritate and sometimes poison the attacker forcing them to leave the plant alone.

Communication Builds Defenses

Unbeknownst to us, trees are actually communicating with each other. It has been discovered that trees, even those of different species, send and receive messages through a fungal network called mycorrhizal networks. The very thin strands that exist at the end of a root system combine with structures of the fungus to form a symbiotic relationship. This means that both parties’ benefit from the partnership. Trees are able to send nutrients and messages to other trees and for the service, the fungus takes its payment in the form of sugar. This communication chain is especially helpful for saplings and sick trees.

If you’ve been looking for tree companies in Monmouth County, contact us today! We service all of Ocean and Monmouth counties.

May 31, 2022
Pruning is an Important Part of Tree Service in Forked River
The older the tree is, the less pruning will need to be done. Younger trees may need to be trimmed every 2-3 years whereas older, more mature trees only need limb removal every 3-5 years. So, let’s talk about pruning. Unless you are an avid gardener, the process of pruning may not be very clear. The practice of pruning is selectively removing specific parts of a plant to improve the plants health or remove injury or disease. This can look… Read More
April 30, 2022
What is Happening to Trees During Spring?
For deciduous trees, spring is a time of awakening. In fall, these types of trees lose all their leaves and suspend their growth. In order to begin growing again during the warmer months, trees need their leaves back. Last month we figured out trees know it’s spring. This month, we’re going over exactly what is happening to trees when they awaken from their “hibernation”. Spring is an important time of year for Ocean County tree companies. It is a perfect… Read More
March 31, 2022
A Tree Service in Monmouth County Knows When It’s Spring
Last month, we talked about how conifers survive the winter without losing their leaves. For deciduous trees, that do lose their leaves, wintertime is a time of dormancy. Leaves fall off, growth ceases, and energy is conserved. Even though trees without their leaves appear to be dead, that, in fact, is not the case. They are very much alive and using minimal resources to survive the winter and prepare for spring. Although the level of energy is greatly decreased, trees… Read More
February 28, 2022
How Conifers Survive Winter Without Losing Leaves
Any tree company in Ocean County knows how hard it is for any tree to survive winter. Last month we discussed how deciduous trees do it. By dropping leaves, non-evergreen trees can go into a state similar to hibernation. Conifers, on the other hand, stay green all year long. Why do some trees need to lose their leaves in order to survive winter and others do not? Let’s take a closer look at conifers, their leaves, and their shape to… Read More
February 15, 2022
How Deciduous Trees Survive the Winter
Every spring and summer we enjoy lush, full green canopies of trees. We relax in their shade and enjoy their beauty. Yet, every autumn, these gorgeous little appendages begin to die and fall to the ground. But why? Trees that lose their leaves every fall are known as deciduous trees. Most people are familiar enough with the term photosynthesis to know that it is the process in which trees convert air and water into oxygen and sugar to be used… Read More
December 1, 2021
Tree Companies in Ocean County Love These Trees Too
Last month we covered a few species of trees and what purpose they can serve in your yard. This month we’re going to continue this thread with some more tree species that tree companies in Ocean County love to see in yards. Not all trees need to serve a specific purpose, but if they can add beauty and provide an additional benefit, all the better. We can’t pass up the opportunity to remind all homeowners that professional tree care is… Read More
August 31, 2021
Barnegat Tree Companies Agree on This Seasonal Guide to Tree Care – Part 2
We’re back this month to discuss fall and winter tree care. It may seem like there isn’t much to do for your trees during these seasons. Trees, however, can benefit from many services that are best done while the tree is dormant or preparing for dormancy. One of the main tasks that is top priority in tree service for fall and winter is scheduling an assessment by a tree expert. All Barnegat tree companies agree that only an inspection by… Read More
July 31, 2021
Expert Tree Company in Barnegat Seasonal Tree Care – Part 1
Taking care of your trees is always important. Nonetheless, sometimes misguided attempts at care end up causing destruction rather than healing. Just as any other living thing, trees can get stressed. Just as stress has negative impacts on people, this type of pressure can cause irreparable damages to trees. Performing the wrong care task at the wrong time or incorrectly can lead to tree death. Providing tree care is good.  However, knowing what is best to do and when during… Read More